The foot is the lowermost point of the human leg. The structure of the foot is similar to that of the hand, but because the foot bears more weight, it is stronger and less mobile. The largest bone of the foot, the calcaneus , forms what is commonly referred to as the heel. It slopes upward to meet the tarsal bones, which point downward along with the remaining bones of the feet.
MBS Human Structure. Prelab: Surface Anatomy of the Foot. HINT: There is a thick fat pad beneath the heel that you will need to cut away to expose the plantar aponeurosis. NOTE: In the palm, removing the fascia covering the surface exposed the long flexor tendons.
They are formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones, and supported by ligaments and tendons in the foot. In this article, we examine the anatomy of the arches of the foot — their bony and ligamentous structure, the supporting tendons, and their clinical correlations. There are two longitudinal arches in the foot — the medial and lateral arches. They are formed between the tarsal bones and the proximal end of the metatarsals. The medial arch is the higher of the two longitudinal arches.
The foot is an incredibly complex mechanism. Each foot contains 26 bones, 33 joints, and more than a hundred muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These parts work harmoniously to get you from one place to the next.