For almost all Indians the family is the most important social unit. There is a strong preference for extended families, consisting of two or more married couples often of more than a single generation , who share finances and a common kitchen. Marriage is virtually universal, divorce rare, and virtually every marriage produces children. Almost all marriages are arranged by family elders on the basis of caste, degree of consanguinity, economic status, education if any , and astrology. Within families, there is a clear order of social precedence and influence based on gender, age, and, in the case of a woman, the number of her male children. The senior male of the household—whether father, grandfather, or uncle—typically is the recognized family head, and his wife is the person who regulates the tasks assigned to female family members.
Daily life and social customs
FAMILIES AND GENDER ROLES IN INDIA | Facts and Details
Indian society is collectivistic and promotes social cohesion and interdependence. The traditional Indian joint family, which follows the same principles of collectivism, has proved itself to be an excellent resource for the care of the mentally ill. However, the society is changing with one of the most significant alterations being the disintegration of the joint family and the rise of nuclear and extended family system. Although even in today's changed scenario, the family forms a resource for mental health that the country cannot neglect, yet utilization of family in management of mental disorders is minimal.
Indian family systems, collectivistic society and psychotherapy
The memories of my first trip to India are vivid — how the sun burnt my skin, how the Delhi dust scratched my throat and how beggars lined the street. Only on completion of this ritual, which my parents and brother also performed, could the chai and samosas be served. It is true that the circle of care, at least in Indian families, embraces all generations.
Indians are the nationals or citizens of India , the second most populous nation in the world, containing Due to emigration , the Indian diaspora is present throughout the world, notably in other parts of Asia , North America , the Caribbean , Oceania , and Africa. The demonymn Indian today applies to nationals of the Republic of India, although before the partition of India in , nationals residing in the entirety of British India including what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh were known as Indians as well. The first great Empire of the Indian people was the Maurya Empire having Patliputra currently Patna , Bihar as its capital, conquered the major part of South Asia in the 4th and 3rd century BC during the reign of the Indian Emperors Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka alongside their senior advisor, Acharya Chanakya , the pioneer of the field of political science and economics in the World.